Article 700

Emergency Systems

Part I. General

  1. Scope. This article applies to the electrical safety of the installation, operation, and maintenance of emergency systems consisting of circuits and equipment intended to supply, distribute, and control electricity for illumination, power, or both, to required facilities when the normal electrical supply or system is interrupted.Informational Note No. 1: For further information regarding wiring and installation of emergency systems in health care facilities, see Article 517.Informational Note No. 2: For further information regarding performance and maintenance of emergency systems in health care facilities, see NFPA 99-2015, Health Care Facilities Code.Informational Note No. 3: For specification of locations where emergency lighting is considered essential to life safety, see NFPA 101 -2015, Life Safety Code.Informational Note No. 4: For further information regarding performance of emergency and standby power systems, see NFPA 110-2013, Standard for Emergency and Standby Power Systems.
  2. Definitions.imageNBranch Circuit Emergency Lighting Transfer Switch. A device connected on the load side of a branch circuit overcurrent protective device that transfers only emergency lighting loads from the normal supply to an emergency supply.Informational Note: See ANSI/UL 1008, Transfer Switch Equip‐ ment, for information covering branch circuit emergency light‐ ing transfer switches.Emergency Systems. Those systems legally required and classed as emergency by municipal, state, federal, or other codes, or by any governmental agency having jurisdiction. These systems are intended to automatically supply illumina‐ tion, power, or both, to designated areas and equipment in the event of failure of the normal supply or in the event of accident to elements of a system intended to supply, distribute, and control power and illumination essential for safety to human life.Informational Note: Emergency systems are generally installed in places of assembly where artificial illumination is required for safe exiting and for panic control in buildings subject to occu‐ pancy by large numbers of persons, such as hotels, theaters, sports arenas, health care facilities, and similar institutions. Emergency systems may also provide power for such functions as ventilation where essential to maintain life, fire detection and alarm systems, elevators, fire pumps, public safety communica‐ tions systems, industrial processes where current interruption would produce serious life safety or health hazards, and similar functions.imageNLuminaire, Directly Controlled. An emergency luminaire that has a control input for an integral dimming or switching func‐ tion that drives the luminaire to full illumination upon loss of normal power.Informational Note: See ANSI/UL 924, Emergency Lighting and Power Equipment, for information covering directly controlled luminaires.imageNRelay, Automatic Load Control. A device used to set normally dimmed or normally-off switched emergency lighting equip‐ ment to full power illumination levels in the event of a loss of the normal supply by bypassing the dimming/switching controls, and to return the emergency lighting equipment to normal status when the device senses the normal supply has been restored.Informational Note: See ANSI/UL 924, Emergency Lighting and Power Equipment, for the requirements covering automatic load control relays.
  3. Tests and Maintenance.
  1. Conduct or Witness Test. The authority having jurisdic‐ tion shall conduct or witness a test of the complete system upon installation and periodically afterward.
  2. Tested Periodically. Systems shall be tested periodically on a schedule acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction to ensure the systems are maintained in proper operating condi‐ tion.
  3. Maintenance. Emergency system equipment shall be maintained in accordance with manufacturer instructions and industry standards.
  4. Written Record. A written record shall be kept of such tests and maintenance.
  5. Testing Under Load. Means for testing all emergency lighting and power systems during maximum anticipated load conditions shall be provided.Informational Note: For information on testing and mainte‐ nance of emergency power supply systems (EPSSs), see NFPA 110-2013, Standard for Emergency and Standby Power Systems.imageN
  6. Temporary Source of Power for Maintenance or Repair of the Alternate Source of Power. If the emergency system relies on a single alternate source of power, which will be disabled for maintenance or repair, the emergency system shall include permanent switching means to connect a portable or tempo‐ rary alternate source of power, which shall be available for the duration of the maintenance or repair. The permanent switch‐ ing means to connect a portable or temporary alternate source of power shall comply with the following:
  1. Connection to the portable or temporary alternate source of power shall not require modification of the permanent system wiring.
  2. Transfer of power between the normal power source and the emergency power source shall be in accordance with 700.12.
  3. The connection point for the portable or temporary alter‐ nate source shall be marked with the phase rotation and system bonding requirements.
  4. Mechanical or electrical interlocking shall prevent inad‐ vertent interconnection of power sources.
  5. The switching means shall include a contact point that shall annunciate at a location remote from the generator or at another facility monitoring system to indicate that the permanent emergency source is disconnected from the emergency system.

It shall be permissible to utilize manual switching to switch from the permanent source of power to the portable or tempo‐ rary alternate source of power and to utilize the switching means for connection of a load bank.

Informational Note: There are many possible methods to achieve the requirements of 700.3(F). See Figure 700.3(F) for one example.

Exception: The permanent switching means to connect a portable or temporary alternate source of power, for the duration of the mainte‐ nance or repair, shall not be required where any of the following condi‐ tions exists:

  1. All processes that rely on the emergency system source are capable of being disabled during maintenance or repair of the emergency source of power.
  2. The building or structure is unoccupied and fire suppression systems are fully functional and do not require an alternate power source.
  3. Other temporary means can be substituted for the emergency

(B) Selective Load Pickup, Load Shedding, and Peak Load Shaving. The alternate power source shall be permitted to supply emergency, legally required standby, and optional standby system loads where the source has adequate capacity or where automatic selective load pickup and load shedding is provided as needed to ensure adequate power to (1) the emer‐ gency circuits, (2) the legally required standby circuits, and

(3) the optional standby circuits, in that order of priority. The alternate power source shall be permitted to be used for peak load shaving, provided these conditions are met.

Peak load shaving operation shall be permitted for satisfying the test requirement of 700.3(B), provided all other conditions of 700.3 are met.

700.5 Transfer Equipment.

(A) General. Transfer equipment, including automatic trans‐ fer switches, shall be automatic, identified for emergency use, and approved by the authority having jurisdiction. Transfer equipment shall be designed and installed to prevent the inad‐ vertent interconnection of normal and emergency sources of supply in any operation of the transfer equipment. Transfer equipment and electric power production systems installed to permit operation in parallel with the normal source shall meet the requirements of Article 705.



A permanent alternate emergency source, such as, but not limited to, a second on-site standby generator or separate electric utility service connection, capable of supporting the emergency system, exists.

  1. Bypass Isolation Switches. Means shall be permitted to bypass and isolate the transfer equipment. Where bypass isola‐ tion switches are used, inadvertent parallel operation shall be avoided.700.4 Capacity.(A) Capacity and Rating. An emergency system shall have adequate capacity and rating for all loads to be operated simul‐ taneously. The emergency system equipment shall be suitable for the maximum available fault current at its terminals.
    Portable or
  2. Automatic Transfer Switches. Automatic transfer switches shall be electrically operated and mechanically held. Automatic transfer switches shall be listed for emergency system use.
  3. Use. Transfer equipment shall supply only emergency loads.imageN
  4. Documentation. The short-circuit current rating of the transfer equipment, based on the specific overcurrent protec‐ tive device type and settings protecting the transfer equipment, shall be field marked on the exterior of the transfer equip‐


Switching means and interlock



power source



power source


power source


  1. Signals. Audible and visual signal devices shall be provi‐ ded, where practicable, for the purpose described in 700.6(A) through (D).
    1. Malfunction. To indicate malfunction of the emergency source.
    2. Carrying Load. To indicate that the battery is carrying load.
    3. Not Functioning. To indicate that the battery charger is not functioning.
    4. Ground Fault. To indicate a ground fault in solidly groun‐ ded wye emergency systems of more than 150 volts to ground

    N FIGURE 700.3(F)700.5Transfer equipment
    Emergency loadand circuit-protective devices rated 1000 amperes or more. Thesensor for the ground-fault signal devices shall be located at, or ahead of, the main system disconnecting means for the emer‐ gency source, and the maximum setting of the signal devices shall be for a ground-fault current of 1200 amperes. Instruc‐ tions on the course of action to be taken in event of indicated ground fault shall be located at or near the sensor location.•
    For systems with multiple emergency sources connected to a paralleling bus, the ground fault sensor shall be permitted to be at an alternative location.
  2. Signs.
    1. Emergency Sources. A sign shall be placed at the service- entrance equipment, indicating type and location of each on- site emergency power source.Exception: A sign shall not be required for individual unit equipment as specified in 700.12(F).
    2. Grounding. Where removal of a grounding or bonding connection in normal power source equipment interrupts the
    the unit equipment and the emergency circuit supplied by the unit equipment
    1. Wiring from an emergency source to supply emergency and other (nonemergency) loads in accordance with 700.10(B)(5)a., b., c., and d. as follows:
      1. Separate vertical switchgear sections or separate verti‐ cal switchboard sections, with or without a common bus, or individual disconnects mounted in separate enclosures shall be used to separate emergency loads from all other loads.
      2. The common bus of separate sections of the switch‐ gear, separate sections of the switchboard, or the indi‐ vidual enclosures shall be either of the following:grounding electrode conductor connection to the alternate •power source(s) grounded conductor, a warning sign shall be installed at the normal power source equipment stating:WARNINGSHOCK HAZARD EXISTS IF GROUNDING ELECTRODE CONDUCTOR OR BONDING JUMPER CONNECTION IN THIS EQUIPMENT IS REMOVED WHILE ALTERNATE SOURCE(S) IS ENERGIZED.The warning sign(s) or label(s) shall comply with 110.21(B).
  3. Surge Protection. A listed SPD shall be installed in or on all emergency systems switchboards and panelboards.

Part II. Circuit Wiring

700.10 Wiring, Emergency System.

  1. Identification. Emergency circuits shall be permanently marked so they will be readily identified as a component of an emergency circuit or system by the following methods:(i) Supplied by single or multiple feeders without overcurrent protection at the source(ii) Supplied by single or multiple feeders withovercurrent protection, provided that the over‐ current protection that is common to an emer‐ gency system and any non-emergency system(s) is selectively coordinated with the next down‐ stream overcurrent protective device in the nonemergency system(s)
    Informational Note: For further information, seeInformational Note Figure 700.10(B)(5)(b)(1) and Informational Note Figure 700.10(B)(5)(b)(2).
    1. Emergency circuits shall not originate from the same vertical switchgear section, vertical switchboard section, panelboard enclosure, or individual discon‐ nect enclosure as other circuits.
    2. It shall be permissible to utilize single or multiple feeders to supply distribution equipment between an emergency source and the point where the emer‐ gency loads are separated from all other loads.
      1. All boxes and enclosures (including transfer switches, generators, and power panels) for emergency circuits shall be permanently marked as a component of an emer‐ gency circuit or system.
      2. Where boxes or enclosures are not encountered, exposed cable or raceway systems shall be permanently marked to be identified as a component of an emergency circuit or system, at intervals not to exceed 7.6 m (25 ft).
    Receptacles supplied from the emergency system shall have a distinctive color or marking on the receptacle cover plates or the receptacles.
  2. Wiring. Wiring of two or more emergency circuits supplied from the same source shall be permitted in the same raceway, cable, box, or cabinet. Wiring from an emergency source or emergency source distribution overcurrent protec‐ tion to emergency loads shall be kept entirely independent of all other wiring and equipment, unless otherwise permitted in 700.10(B)(1) through (5):
    1. Wiring from the normal power source located in transfer equipment enclosures
    2. Wiring supplied from two sources in exit or emergency luminaires
    3. Wiring from two sources in a listed load control relay supplying exit or emergency luminaires, or in a common junction box, attached to exit or emergency luminaires
    4. Wiring within a common junction box attached to unit equipment, containing only the branch circuit supplying
  3. Wiring Design and Location. Emergency wiring circuits shall be designed and located so as to minimize the hazards that might cause failure due to flooding, fire, icing, vandalism, and other adverse conditions.
  4. Fire Protection. Emergency systems shall meet the addi‐ tional requirements in (D)(1) through (D)(3) in the following occupancies:
    1. Assembly occupancies for not less than 1000 persons
    2. Buildings above 23 m (75 ft) in height
    3. Health care occupancies where persons are not capable of self preservation
    4. Educational occupancies with more than 300 occupants

(1) Feeder-Circuit Wiring. Feeder-circuit wiring shall meet one of the following conditions:

  1. The cable or raceway is installed in spaces or areas that are fully protected by an approved automatic fire suppres‐ sion system.
  2. The cable or raceway is protected by a listed electrical circuit protective system with a minimum 2-hour fire
    • rating.
    Informational Note No. 1: Electrical circuit protective systemscould include but not be limited to thermal barriers or a protec‐ tive shaft and are tested to UL 1724, Fire Tests for Electrical Circuit Protection Systems.
    imageCommon busEmergency source
  3. Generator Control Wiring. Control conductors installed between the transfer equipment and the emergency generator shall be kept entirely independent of all other wiring and shall meet the conditions of 700.10(D)(1). The integrity of the generator control wiring shall be continuously monitored. Loss of integrity of the remote start circuit(s) shall initiate visual and audible annunciation of generator malfunction at the genera‐ tor local and remote annunciator(s) and start the generator(s).

Emergency Legally required standby (other loads)

Optional standby (other loads)

Part III. Sources of Power

700.12 General Requirements. Current supply shall be such that, in the event of failure of the normal supply to, or within, the building or group of buildings concerned, emergency light‐ ing, emergency power, or both shall be available within the time required for the application but not to exceed 10 seconds.



Informational Note Figure 700.10(B)(5)(b)(1) Single or Multiple Feeders without Overcurrent Protection


Common OCPD

Common bus



Emergency source


The supply system for emergency purposes, in addition to the normal services to the building and meeting the general requirements of this section, shall be one or more of the types of systems described in 700.12(A) through (E). Unit equip‐ ment in accordance with 700.12(F) shall satisfy the applicable requirements of this article.

In selecting an emergency source of power, consideration shall be given to the occupancy and the type of service to be rendered, whether of minimum duration, as for evacuation of a theater, or longer duration, as for supplying emergency power and lighting due to an indefinite period of current failure from trouble either inside or outside the building.

Equipment shall be designed and located so as to minimize the hazards that might cause complete failure due to flooding, fires, icing, and vandalism.

Equipment for sources of power as described in 700.12(A) through (E) shall be installed either in spaces fully protected by approved automatic fire suppression systems (sprinklers,

Emergency Legally required standby (other loads)

Optional standby (other loads)

carbon dioxide systems, and so forth) or in spaces with a 1-hour fire rating where located within the following:



Informational Note Figure 700.10(B)(5)(b)(2) Single or Multiple Feeders with Overcurrent Protection



Assembly occupancies for more than 1000 persons Buildings above 23 m (75 ft) in height with any of the following occupancy classes — assembly, educational, resi‐


Informational Note No. 2: The listing organization provides

information for electrical circuit protective systems on proper installation requirements to maintain the fire rating.

  1. Health care occupancies where persons are not capableof self-preservation
  2. Educational occupancies with more than 300 occupants

dential, detention and correctional, business, and mercantile

(3) The cable or raceway is a listed fire-resistive cable system.

Informational Note No. 1: Fire-resistive cables are tested toANSI/UL 2196, Tests for Fire Resistive Cables.
Informational Note No. 2: The listing organization provides information for fire-resistive cable systems on proper installation requirements to maintain the fire rating.
(4) The cable or raceway is protected by a listed fire-rated assembly that has a minimum fire rating of 2 hours andcontains only emergency circuits.

(5) The cable or raceway is encased in a minimum of 50 mm (2 in.) of concrete.

(2) Feeder-Circuit Equipment. Equipment for feeder circuits (including transfer switches, transformers, and panelboards) shall be located either in spaces fully protected by approved automatic fire suppression systems (including sprinklers, carbon dioxide systems) or in spaces with a 2-hour fire resist‐ ance rating.

Informational Note No. 1: For the definition of Occupancy Classi‐ fication, see Section 6.1 of NFPA 101-2015, Life Safety Code.

Informational Note No. 2: For further information, see ANSI/ IEEE 493-2007, Recommended Practice for the Design of Reliable Industrial and Commercial Power Systems.

  1. Storage Battery. Storage batteries shall be of suitable rating and capacity to supply and maintain the total load for a minimum period of 11∕2 hours, without the voltage applied to the load falling below 871∕2 percent of normal. Automotive-type batteries shall not be used.•An automatic battery charging means shall be provided.
  2. Generator Set.
    1. Prime Mover-Driven. For a generator set driven by a prime mover acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction and sized in accordance with 700.4, means shall be provided
      for automatically starting the prime mover on failure of the normal service and for automatic transfer and operation of all required electrical circuits. A time-delay feature permitting a 15-minute setting shall be provided to avoid retransfer in case of short-time reestablishment of the normal source.
    2. Internal Combustion Engines as Prime Movers. Where internal combustion engines are used as the prime mover, an on-site fuel supply shall be provided with an on-premises fuel supply sufficient for not less than 2 hours’ full-demand opera‐ tion of the system. Where power is needed for the operation of the fuel transfer pumps to deliver fuel to a generator set day tank, this pump shall be connected to the emergency power system.
    3. Dual Supplies. Prime movers shall not be solely depend‐ ent on a public utility gas system for their fuel supply or munic‐ ipal water supply for their cooling systems. Means shall be provided for automatically transferring from one fuel supply to another where dual fuel supplies are used.Exception: Where acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction, the use of other than on-site fuels shall be permitted where there is a low probability of a simultaneous failure of both the off-site fuel delivery system and power from the outside electrical utility company.
    4. Battery Power and Dampers. Where a storage battery is used for control or signal power or as the means of starting the prime mover, it shall be suitable for the purpose and shall be equipped with an automatic charging means independent of the generator set. Where the battery charger is required for the operation of the generator set, it shall be connected to the emergency system. Where power is required for the operation of dampers used to ventilate the generator set, the dampers shall be connected to the emergency system.
    5. Auxiliary Power Supply. Generator sets that require more than 10 seconds to develop power shall be permitted if an auxiliary power supply energizes the emergency system until the generator can pick up the load.
    6. Outdoor Generator Sets. Where an outdoor housed generator set is equipped with a readily accessible disconnect‐ ing means in accordance with 445.18, and the disconnecting means is located within sight of the building or structure supplied, an additional disconnecting means shall not be required where ungrounded conductors serve or pass through the building or structure. Where the generator supply conduc‐ tors terminate at a disconnecting means in or on a building or structure, the disconnecting means shall meet the require‐ ments of 225.36.Exception: For installations under single management, where condi‐ tions of maintenance and supervision ensure that only qualified persons will monitor and service the installation and where documented safe switching procedures are established and maintained for disconnec‐ tion, the generator set disconnecting means shall not be required to be located within sight of the building or structure served.
  3. Uninterruptible Power Supplies. Uninterruptible power supplies used to provide power for emergency systems shall comply with the applicable provisions of 700.12(A) and (B).
  4. Separate Service. Where approved by the authority having jurisdiction as suitable for use as an emergency source of power, an additional service shall be permitted. This service shall be in accordance with the applicable provisions of Arti‐ cle 230 and the following additional requirements:
    1. Separate overhead service conductors, service drops, underground service conductors, or service laterals shall be installed.
    2. The service conductors for the separate service shall be installed sufficiently remote electrically and physically from any other service conductors to minimize the possi‐ bility of simultaneous interruption of supply.
  5. Fuel Cell System. Fuel cell systems used as a source of power for emergency systems shall be of suitable rating and capacity to supply and maintain the total load for not less than 2 hours of full-demand operation.Installation of a fuel cell system shall meet the requirements of Parts II through VIII of Article 692.Where a single fuel cell system serves as the normal supply for the building or group of buildings concerned, it shall not serve as the sole source of power for the emergency standby system.
  6. Unit Equipment.
    1. Components of Unit Equipment. Individual unit equip‐ ment for emergency illumination shall consist of the following:
  1. A rechargeable battery
  2. A battery charging means
  3. Provisions for one or more lamps mounted on the equip‐ ment, or shall be permitted to have terminals for remote lamps, or both
  4. A relaying device arranged to energize the lamps auto‐ matically upon failure of the supply to the unit equip‐ ment

(2) Installation of Unit Equipment. Unit equipment shall be installed in accordance with 700.12(F)(2)(1) through (6).

  1. The batteries shall be of suitable rating and capacity to supply and maintain the total lamp load associated with the unit in accordance with (a) or (b):
    1. For a period of at least 11∕2 hours without the voltage falling below 871∕2 percent of normal battery voltage
    2. The unit equipment shall supply and maintain not less than 60 percent of the initial emergency illumination for a period of at least 11∕2 hours
  2. Unit equipment shall be permanently fixed (i.e., not port‐ able) in place and shall have all wiring to each unit instal‐ led in accordance with the requirements of any of the wiring methods in Chapter 3. Flexible cord-and-plug connection shall be permitted, provided that the cord does not exceed 900 mm (3 ft) in length.
  3. The branch circuit feeding the unit equipment shall be the same branch circuit as that serving the normal light‐ ing in the area and connected ahead of any local switches.Exception: In a separate and uninterrupted area supplied by a mini‐ mum of three normal lighting circuits that are not part of a multiwire branch circuit, a separate branch circuit for unit equipment shall be permitted if it originates from the same panelboard as that of the normal lighting circuits and is provided with a lock-on feature.
  4. The branch circuit that feeds unit equipment shall be clearly identified at the distribution panel.
  5. Emergency luminaires that obtain power from a unit equipment and are not part of the unit equipment shall be wired to the unit equipment as required by 700.10 and by one of the wiring methods of Chapter 3.
  6. Remote heads providing lighting for the exterior of an exit door shall be permitted to be supplied by the unit equipment serving the area immediately inside the exit door.

Part IV. Emergency System Circuits for Lighting and Power

  1. Loads on Emergency Branch Circuits. No appliances and no lamps, other than those specified as required for emer‐ gency use, shall be supplied by emergency lighting circuits.
  2. Emergency Illumination. Emergency illumination shall include means of egress lighting, illuminated exit signs, and all other luminaires specified as necessary to provide required illumination.Emergency lighting systems shall be designed and installed so that the failure of any individual lighting element, such as the burning out of a lamp, cannot leave in total darkness any space that requires emergency illumination.Where high-intensity discharge lighting such as high- and low-pressure sodium, mercury vapor, and metal halide is used as the sole source of normal illumination, the emergency light‐ ing system shall be required to operate until normal illumina‐ tion has been restored.Where an emergency system is installed, emergency illumi‐ nation shall be provided in the area of the disconnecting means required by 225.31 and 230.70, as applicable, where the disconnecting means are installed indoors.Exception: Alternative means that ensure that the emergency lighting illumination level is maintained shall be permitted.
  3. Branch Circuits for Emergency Lighting. Branch circuits that supply emergency lighting shall be installed to provide service from a source complying with 700.12 when the normal supply for lighting is interrupted. Such installations shall provide either of the following:
    1. An emergency lighting supply, independent of the normal lighting supply, with provisions for automatically transferring the emergency lights upon the event of fail‐ ure of the normal lighting branch circuit
    2. Two or more branch circuits supplied from separate and complete systems with independent power sources. One of the two power sources and systems shall be part of the emergency system, and the other shall be permitted to be part of the normal power source and system. Each system shall provide sufficient power for emergency lighting purposes.
    Unless both systems are used for regular lighting purpo‐ ses and are both kept lighted, means shall be provided for automatically energizing either system upon failure of the other. Either or both systems shall be permitted to be a part of the general lighting of the protected occupancy if circuits supplying lights for emergency illumination are installed in accordance with other sections of this article.
  4. Circuits for Emergency Power. For branch circuits that supply equipment classed as emergency, there shall be an emergency supply source to which the load will be transferred automatically upon the failure of the normal supply.
  5. Multiwire Branch Circuits. The branch circuit serving emergency lighting and power circuits shall not be part of a multiwire branch circuit.Part V. Control — Emergency Lighting Circuits
  6. Switch Requirements. The switch or switches installed in emergency lighting circuits shall be arranged so that only authorized persons have control of emergency lighting.Exception No. 1: Where two or more single-throw switches are connected in parallel to control a single circuit, at least one of these switches shall be accessible only to authorized persons.Exception No. 2: Additional switches that act only to put emergency lights into operation but not disconnect them shall be permissible.Switches connected in series or 3- and 4-way switches shall not be used.
  7. Switch Location. All manual switches for controlling emergency circuits shall be in locations convenient to author‐ ized persons responsible for their actuation. In facilities covered by Articles 518 and 520, a switch for controlling emer‐ gency lighting systems shall be located in the lobby or at a place conveniently accessible thereto.In no case shall a control switch for emergency lighting be placed in a motion-picture projection booth or on a stage or platform.Exception: Where multiple switches are provided, one such switch shall be permitted in such locations where arranged so that it can only ener‐ gize the circuit but cannot de-energize the circuit.
  8. Exterior Lights. Those lights on the exterior of a building that are not required for illumination when there is sufficient daylight shall be permitted to be controlled by an automatic light-actuated device.
  9. Dimmer and Relay Systems. A dimmer or relay system containing more than one dimmer or relay and listed for use in emergency systems shall be permitted to be used as a control device for energizing emergency lighting circuits. Upon failure of normal power, the dimmer or relay system shall be permit‐ ted to selectively energize only those branch circuits required to provide minimum emergency illumination. All branch circuits supplied by the dimmer or relay system cabinet shall comply with the wiring methods of Article 700.
  10. Directly Controlled Luminaires. Where emergency illumination is provided by one or more directly controlled luminaires that respond to an external control input to bypass normal control upon loss of normal power, such luminaires and external bypass controls shall be individually listed for use in emergency systems.imageN
  11. Branch Circuit Emergency Lighting Transfer Switch. Emergency lighting loads supplied by branch circuits rated at not greater than 20 amperes shall be permitted to be transfer‐ red from the normal branch circuit to an emergency branch circuit using a listed branch circuit emergency lighting transfer switch. The mechanically held requirement of 700.5(C) shall not apply to listed branch circuit emergency lighting transfer switches.
  12. Automatic Load Control Relay. If an emergency light‐ ing load is automatically energized upon loss of the normal supply, a listed automatic load control relay shall be permitted to energize the load. The load control relay shall not be used as transfer equipment.


Part VI. Overcurrent Protection

  1. Accessibility. The branch-circuit overcurrent devices in emergency circuits shall be accessible to authorized persons only.
  2. Ground-Fault Protection of Equipment. The alternate source for emergency systems shall not be required to provide ground-fault protection of equipment with automatic discon‐ necting means. Ground-fault indication at the emergency source shall be provided in accordance with 700.6(D) if ground-fault protection of equipment with automatic discon‐ necting means is not provided.
  3. Selective Coordination. Emergency system(s) overcur‐ rent devices shall be selectively coordinated with all supply-side overcurrent protective devices.

Selective coordination shall be selected by a licensed profes‐ sional engineer or other qualified persons engaged primarily in the design, installation, or maintenance of electrical systems. The selection shall be documented and made available to those authorized to design, install, inspect, maintain, and operate the system.

Exception: Selective coordination shall not be required between two over‐ current devices located in series if no loads are connected in parallel with the downstream device.